Plastic surgery is a medical specialty that involves the reconstruction, repair, or alteration of the human body. It can be performed for cosmetic reasons, to improve physical appearance and self-esteem, or to repair or correct functional impairments caused by accidents, injuries, or congenital defects. Like any surgery, plastic surgery carries certain risks and complications.
Some common risks and complications of plastic surgery include:
- Infection: Infection is a risk with any surgery, and it can occur after plastic surgery as well. Signs of infection include fever, redness and swelling at the surgical site, and discharge from the wound.
- Bleeding: Bleeding can occur during or after surgery, and it may require additional treatment or surgery to correct.
- Scarring: All surgery results in scarring, and plastic surgery is no exception. The extent of scarring depends on the type of surgery and the individual patient’s healing process.
- Anesthesia complications: Anesthesia is used during surgery to numb the area being operated on and to keep the patient asleep and comfortable. Complications can occur with the use of anesthesia, including allergic reactions, breathing problems, and nausea.
- Nerve damage: In some cases, surgery can cause temporary or permanent nerve damage. This can result in numbness, tingling, or weakness in the affected area.
- Poor wound healing: Some people may have difficulty healing after surgery, which can result in prolonged swelling and bruising, or even the need for additional surgery.
- Unsatisfactory results: Despite the best efforts of the surgeon, it is possible for the results of plastic surgery to be less than satisfactory. This may require additional surgery to correct.
It is important to carefully consider the potential risks and complications of plastic surgery before making a decision. It is also important to choose a qualified and experienced plastic surgeon to minimize the risk of complications.